Everybody is jubilant with a rejuvenated energy to welcome the month of Thai which is considered as the right time for the start of auspicious events in one’s life. As the saying goes, ‘தை பிறந்தால் வழி பிறக்கும்’.
The start of Thai month falls on January 14th every year, marking the festival of Makara Sankranti. (At times, it falls on January 15 also).
Makara Sankranti is a unique and wonderful Hindu festival which is liked by all. It is a solar event, unlike other festivals which are based on lunar calendar. It denotes the end of Dakshinayana Kalam and the start of Uttarayana Kalam.
The name Makar Sankranti literally means the movement (Sankranti) of the Sun from Dhanush to Makar (Makar rasi). It denotes the transit of the planet Sun from Dhanush rasi to Makar (Capricorn) and thus marks the start of the summer or spring among the seasons.
Celebrations of Thai Pongal
Pongal is a four-day festival in Tamil Nadu and the people celebrate it by way of thanking the natural resources that have helped them reap benefits from agriculture.
Thai Pongal (14-1-2018)
The month of Thai starting from Makara Sankranti denotes every good aspect in life for Tamilians. It is the harvest time and they offer new paddy and sugarcane to the Sun God. Sweet Pongal is the specialty of the day.
Mattu Pongal (15-1-2018)
Mattu Pongal is a kind of thanks giving to the cattle which are the friends of farmers. On this day, Jallikattu, the adventurous sport of taming a bull is conducted in various parts of Tamil Nadu.
Kannum Pongal (16-1-2018)
Kannum Pongal is the day for visiting beaches and picnic spots with family, friends and relatives.
Thai Amavasya is the No Moon Day that occurs in the month of Thai after the start of Uttarayana.It is the first New Moon day after the Sun has started its celestial journey into Northern hemisphere. Doing tarpanam on Thai Amavasya is significant for the fact that the Sun represents the soul in Vedic astrology and He helps one seek ancestral blessings to a great level during this time. Thai Amavasya falls on January 16, 2018.
Vasanth Panchami (20-1-2018)
Vasant Panchami falls on the fifth day after Amavasya in the month of Magh(Thai) between January and February. It celebrates the arrival of the spring season and the start of the holy festival. This day is considered as the birthday of Goddess Saraswathi.This year, Vasanth Panchami falls on January 20,2018.
‘Rathasapthami’ is celebrated in the Tamil month of Thai on the seventh day from Amavasya. It signifies the energetic journey of the Sun in the northern hemisphere as he has moved to Capricorn from Dhanush. ‘Ratha’ means the chariot, (the chariot of the Sun) and ‘Sapthami’ is the thithi that falls on the seventh day in Shukla Paksha after Amavasya. Rathasapthami falls on January 24, 2018.
Bhishmashtami falls on January 25, 2018.It is the day after Rathasapthami. It comes on the Shukla Paksha Ashtami in Thai month. With his boon for inviting death any day as per his wish, Bhishma waited on the arrow bed for the Uttarayana Kalam when the Sun would enter Capricorn to start His northward journey. On the eighth day in the Shukla Paksha from Amavasya in the month of Magi(Thai), Bhishma embraced death. It is the Ashtami thithi which has been observed as Bhishmashtami every year.
Thai Pusam (31-1-2018)
Thai Pusam is a famous festival celebrated in the worship of Lord Muruga. Thai Pusam occurs in the month of Thai on the Full Moon day when the Moon passes through Pusam nakshatra. The word ‘Thai Pusam’ is a combination of the name of the month, Thai, and the name of a star, Pusam. This year, it occurs on January 31.
Chandra Grahanam (January 31)
Chandra Grahanam, Lunar Eclipse, falls on January 31, 2018. It starts from 5.16 pm and ends by 8.40 pm.
Thus, Thai month contains multifarious specialties right from Makara Sankranti to Rathasapthami. Let us observe each event with ardent religious faith and get utmost benedictions from God.