Shravana Putra Ekadasi falls in the Shukla Paksha of Aadi month in the Tamil calendar. As the name implies, it is considered very auspicious for those devotees who want to have a male child. Shravana Putrada Ekadashi is also called Pavitra Ekadashi and Pavitropana Ekadashi.
In the Sanskrit word ‘Putra’, ‘Pu’ means hell and ‘tra’ means relieving one from the hell. Putra denotes the son who relieves his parents of their sins by doing required obeisance to them and paves way for the liberation of their souls. There are two Putrada Ekadashis observed among 24 Ekadashis. One is Shravana Putrada Ekadashi and the other is Pausha Putrada Ekadashi which falls during the waxing lunar Ekadashi thithi during December-January.
The legend about Pavitra Putrada Ekadashi of Aadi month is narrated by Lord Krishna to Yudhistra in Bhavishya Purana.
In ancient times, there was a kingdom called Mahishmati which was ruled by the king Mahijit, who was an exemplary king. He was blameless and righteous in his every decision as a king. Still, he was childless and remained so for a long time. The disheartened king wanted to seek remedy for his plight. All the sages and the learned men in the kingdom debated over the issue but they could not find a solution.
The sages visited many places, enquired a number of scholars and sages and at last came to the ashram of Lomesh, the great saint who was an emblem of wisdom. After meditating for a while, Lomesh said that the king Mahijit did not have a child due to the sin he committed in his previous birth.
The king was a merchant in his previous birth. One day after a tedious travel, he felt thirsty and wanted to quench his thirst by drinking water in a pond. There was a cow with its calf drinking water in the pond. The merchant drove the cow and its calf and drank water. Due to his good deeds, he was born as a king in the next birth but was childless due to his sin of driving away the cow with calf from drinking water in the pond in his previous birth.
The sage Lomesh suggested a remedy for the sin of the king Mahijit. He advised him to observe Shravana Putrada Ekadashi with his wife that he would get a male child soon. He advised the citizens of the king’s kingdom to observe the same Ekadashi and donate their merits obtained through the observance of the Ekadashi to the king. The king, the queen and the people observed Shravana Putrada Ekadashi and a prince was born to him after some time.
Those who are childless and wish to get a male child are able to get a son through observing Shravana Putrada Ekadashi.
The couple should fast, observe Ekadashi rules and sleep in the room where they worship Lord Vishnu.
It is good to donate money, food and clothes to brahmins on this day.
Even those who hear the story of Putrada Ekadashi are blessed with a male child.
Those who observe Shravana Putrada Ekadashi get rid of their sins just like other Ekadashis.
Shravana Putrada Ekadashi is observed more in states which are other than North India.
After this Ekadashi day, a five-day festival called Jhulan Yatra is observed till Full Moon day. People decorate a swing (jhula) and offer prayers to little Krishna and Radha idols placed in the swing.
Observing Putrada Ekadashi is the way to seek spiritual blessings and get a son who will relieve one of his sins.