Narasimha Jayanti celebrates the avatar of Lord Narasimha who killed the demon Hiranyakasipu, father of Prahalada, one of the greatest Devotees of Lord Vishnu.
Narasimha Jayanti falls on ShuklaPaksha Chaturdashi in the month of Chithirai as per Tamil calendar. Narasimha is the avatar of Lord Vishnu and he took this avatar to dispel evil on earth and establish dharma. Devotees of Vishnu celebrate this day with piety as it showcases the establishment of dharma and its significance.
Hiranyakasipu was the demonic king who won aboon from Lord Brahma that he would not be killed by a man or angel, either on day or night, outside or inside the house and by any weapon. This boon aggravated the inborn malice of Hiranyakasipu and he started harassing the people in his kingdom. He won all the worlds and deemed himself as the God of the Universe.
Hiranyakasipu’s son was Prahlada, who was an ardent devotee of Lord Vishnu. When he was in the womb of his mother, Prahalada listened to Narada speaking in the glory of Mahavishnu.From his birth, Prahalada was immersed in his devotion to Lord Vishnu. He refused to accept Hiranyakasipu as god and prayed to Vishnu incessantly and talked about His glory to all.
Unable to bear the behaviour of Prahalada, Hiranyakasipu tried to kill him in many ways. He ordered his men to give poison, throw him down the mountain and burn him alive. By the grace of Lord Vishnu, Prahaladaescaped from all these misfortunes. Hiranyakasipu got furious and dragged him and asked him to show where God was whether he was inside the pillar that was before him. Prahalada nodded affirmatively and said Lord Vishnu is omnipresent and omnipotent.
In order to test the words of Prahalada, Lord Vishnu broke the pillar into two with his mace. There arose from the pillar a figure which was half lion and half man. Overcome by rage, he took Hiranyakasipu on his lap and seated himself on the doorstep and the time was twilight which was neither day nor night. He used his sharp nails to tear the demonic king into pieces.
The Lord’s rage knew no bounds. None could stand his terrific anger. It was only Prahalada who sang in the glory of him and calmed him.
Narasimha avatar is an incarnation of Vishnu to highlight the significance of Dharma and eradication of adharma. It also showcases how the devotees of Lord Vishnu stand tests and trials and come out victorious in adverse times.
Narasimha Jayanti vrata has to be observed just like that of Ekadashi. The observers should take only one meal on the day before and fast throughout Narasimha Jayanti and break the fast the next day morning.
Those who observe partial vrata can take fruits and milk and can take food items that are not made of rice and grains.
Dhanams on the day are auspicious especially annadhanam. Feeding the poor children is very good for devotees.
Devotees visit the temple of Lord Narasimha in the evening.
Reading the avatar of Narasimha in Bhagavad Purana on this day is very auspicious.