A Jyotirlinga is a temple where Lord Shiva, is worshipped in the form of Jyotirlingam or “Lingam of Light”
The twelve Jyotirlingas also called the ‘Dwadash Jyotirlingas’ are the holiest of all shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva and as per the beliefs of Hindu mythology, whosoever does the divine darshans of these 12 holy Jyotirlingas, will be released from the cycle of life and death.
Listed below are the 12 Jyotirlinga Temples of Lord Shiva along with their mythologies.
1. Somnath Located in Somnath, Guajarat, on the shores of the Arabian Sea, the Somnath is the first of twelve Jyotirlingas.
2. Mallikarjuna, also called Srisaila, is in Srisailam, near Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh. It is a place where Shakti peetha and Jyotirlingam are together. Adi Shankara composed his Sivananda Lahiri here.
3. Mahakal, Ujjain (or Avanti) in Madhya Pradesh is home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga temple. The Lingam at Mahakal is believed to be Swayambhu, the only one of the 12 Jyotirlingams to be so.
4. Omkareshwar is in Madhya Pradesh on an island in the Narmada River is the home to this Shrine
5. Kedarnath in Uttarakhand is the northernmost of the Jyotirlingas. Kedarnath, nestled in the snow-clad Himalayas, is an ancient shrine, rich in legend and tradition.
6. Bhimashankar, in the Sahyadri range of Maharashtra, contains a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with Shiva destroying the demon Tripurasura.
7. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh is home to the Vishwanath Jyotirlinga shrine, which is perhaps the most sacred of Hindu shrines.
8. Trimbakeshwar Temple, near Nasik in Maharashtra, is a Jyotirlinga shrine associated with the origin of the Godavari River.
9. Nageshvara Jyotirlinga is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana.
10. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga temple, also known as Baba vaidyanath dham and vaidyanath dham is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, the most sacred abodes of Shiva.
11. Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu is home to the vast Ramalingeswarar Jyotirlinga temple and It enshrines the Ramesvara ("Lord of Rama").
12. Ghrishneshwar Jyotirlinga shrine, in Aurangabad Maharashtra, is located near the rock-cut temples of Ellora.